Congratulations Marcos Franca to become private pilot!

OFC happily announces that today our student and friend MARCOS FRANCA passed his checkride to become a Private Pilot!  Congratulations Marcos, and well done.

MARCOS FRANCA passed his checkride to become a Private Pilot!

MARCOS FRANCA passed his checkride to become a Private Pilot! (Marcos on the right)

Orlandi Flight Center

Orlandi Flight Center

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) – Pilot – FAA Medical Exam


Pilots are concerned about a new medical standard for Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) by the Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). The concern is that pilots with a serious weight problem will be adversely affected in their recertification. I would like to present my perspective as a senior AME. My thoughts are my own and not necessarily shared by the powers that be.

Obstructive sleep apnea may cause functional impairment for safe aircraft operations. OSA literally means that someone stops breathing during sleep or effectively loses the ability to oxygenate the blood stream. This is because the upper airway is partially or completely blocked during sleep. Therefore the chest muscles and diaphragm must work much harder to open the airway and maintain respiration.

Sometimes a spouse or significant other will notice that during sleep an individual has difficulty maintaining normal respiration or, in fact, there are long pauses between breaths. Patient will come to the office with this clear witnessed account of sleep apnea and we request that a sleep study be done.  This involves going to a sleep lab and spending the night while being monitored.

However doctors also should be looking for symptoms of daytime sleepiness, excessive fatigue, non-restorative sleep, difficulty concentrating, forgetfulness, snoring, and inability to stay awake during common activities during the day.

Overwhelmingly the patients at risk for this are not aware of the condition. Therefore, prospective screening is the best way to diagnose and manage patients with OSA.  There are estimated to be more than 12 million people in the United States at this time with sleep apnea. More than half of those individuals are overweight. It tends to occur in middle-age man and older woman.  The risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea include obesity, thick or large next, and smokers.

The FAA’s concerned that OSHA will result in impaired pilot performance. The FAA has published the Guidelines indicating that mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea can show performance degradation equivalent to 0.06 to  0.08% blood alcohol levels which is the measure of legal intoxication in most states.  There’s also the increasing risk of hypertension and atherosclerosis with the resulting increasing the risk of heart attack and stroke.  In fact 30 to 50% of patients with heart disease and 60% of patients suffering strokes are found to have obstructive sleep apnea.

The FAA medical guidelines indicate that OSA is present in almost all obese individuals with a body mass index over 40 and the next circumference greater than 17 inches.  Untreated obstructive sleep apnea is a disqualifying condition for airmen and air traffic control specialists.

The next steps in the process will be for the pilot to have a BMI and neck circumference measured during the medical examination. Those airman with high BMI above 40 and neck circumference greater than 17 will be asked to undergo specialized evaluation by a sleep disorder specialist.

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Lasik Correction for Pilot



From: Raymond Basri <xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx >
Date: June 24, 2014 11:03:41 AM EDT
To: <xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Subject: Re:  LASIK

That is very good news indeed. I’m happy you are satisfied with the results. You should bring the report from the eye specialist as well as completing your Medxpress online application listing it as a surgical procedure.

I look forward to seeing you on your next visit and removing your vision restriction from your certificate.


On Jun 24, 2014, at 09:14 AM,  < xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx > wrote:

Hey Dr. Basri – how’s things?  Hope your summer is off to a good start.

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Coronary Artery Disease and Your Medical Certification



aymond Basri, MD, FACP



236 Crystal Run Rd, Ste. 2

Middletown, NY 10941

June 18, 2014


Coronary Artery Disease and Your Medical Certification

Pilots can have coronary artery disease and not be retired on disability. Here is a case where the pilot regained his Class 1 Medical Certificate exactly 6 months after having a mycardial infarction and coronary artery stent.

The FAA mandates a 6 month medical furlough after any cardiac incident or procedure including coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). Although the 6 Months is a minimum, many airmen are never returned to duty sometimes becasue they did not seek out the proper medical advice.

In order to return to full duty with the least time off, pilots should work with their Senior AME to plan the testing and reporting needed to satisfy the FAA.

We are experienced with these issues and have successfully returned scores of airmen to work and recreational flying. Here is an example of how we approach the return to duty.

Ray Basri, MD, FACP

Senior Aviation Medical Examiner


Manager,  Aeromedical Certification Division

PO Box 26080

Oklahoma City, OK 73126


Dear Dr. XXXX at FAA,


I performed the cardiovascular exam as per protocol for the first request for Authorization for Special Issuance of a First Class Medical Certificate.

This airman has a history of MI in March 2013 followed by successful PTCA and stenting of the distal circumflex artery on March 28 using a Resolute drug eluting stent. He made an excellent recovery and underwent nuclear exercise stress testing on August 29 with normal exercise capacity (Bruce stage 4, 10 minutes) and normal scans. This airman also had transthoracic echocardiography done on the same date, which showed normal wall motion and LVEF.

Furthermore, after these tests were done and reported as normal, this pilot underwent another cardiac catheterization which showed normal flow through the stent and excellent perfusion to all areas of the myocardium.

I am pleased to report that his health continues to be good, free of cardiovascular symptoms of chest discomfort, shortness of breath, palpitations, dizziness, or side effects from his medications. He is currently taking Lisinopril 5 mg per day, Dexilant 60 mg per day, Crestor 10 mg per day, Plavix 75 mg per day and ASA 81 mg per day. His metoprolol was discontinued after the normal stress test and catherization. He has no side-effects from these medications. He does not use tobacco, family history is negative for CVD, and his weight has come down from 232 to 225 lbs. He runs a couple of miles daily.

This airman has normal blood pressure 120/80 in each arm on 3 separate visits, and physical exam shows:

HEENT- Anicteric, PERLA, EOMI, Fundi nl

Neck- supple, JVD neg , no bruits

Lungs- clear to A & P, well healed midline CABG scar

COR- RSR no murmurs, gallops or rubs, PMI is not displaced

Abd- soft, no organomegaly, no CVAT

Ext- no clubbing cyanosis or edema

Neuro- A & O X 3, Cr Nerves II-XII intact, Motor intact

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Pilot Medical Certification Questions and Answers



uestions & Answers:



  1. What is a medical certificate?
  2. How do I obtain a medical certificate?
  3. Who must hold a medical certificate?
  4. What class of medical certificate must I hold and how long is it valid?
  5. What medical standards must I meet in order to qualify for a medical certificate?
  6. What medical conditions does the FAA consider disqualifying?
  7. What are the minimum and maximum ages for obtaining a medical certificate?
  8. Can I get my student pilot certificate at the same time I take my initial flight physical?
  9. What does it cost to get a medical certificate?
  10. Am I prohibited from exercising the privileges of my pilot certificate during medical deficiency?
  11. I have some medical problems and would like to learn whether I can be issued airman medical certification. Where can I get further information?
  12. Is a pilot required to report to the FAA that he or she has undergone LASIK or other laser eye surgery to correct vision?
  13. Can I appeal if my application for medical certification is denied?
  14. How does the appeal process work?
  15. How can I contact the FAA about my medical certificate?
  16. What should I do if I hold a foreign medical certificate or endorsement and I want to exercise pilot privileges in the United States?
  17. I lost my medical certificate; how can I obtain a copy?

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